Virginia mallow (Sida hermaphrodita) is a Northern American plant species that has shown potential as a biomass crop (for bioenergy and fibre products) in Poland, but it has not been widely tested in Western Europe. It can be harvested annually and it can reach heights of 3 m. Another perennial plant which is being investigated is Silphium perfoliatum.
The first objective of the project is to examine the performance of Virginia mallow across contrasting sites in Europe. The second objective focuses on the potential of growing valuable timber trees (e.g. walnut and cherry) at the edges of arable fields. The final objective includes assessment of the carbon sequestration (where CO2 is removed from the atmosphere and stored) and the economics of these systems.